Although many people suffer with painful varicose veins, many others will have significant pain and swelling with or without significant surface veins. Normally, veins in the skin drain into deeper skin veins, which then drain into larger, deeper veins in the muscles of the leg through a series of one-way valves.
When valves stop working correctly, blood drains from the veins in the deeper part of the leg to the veins closer to the skin. This can result in veins popping up on the surface, but also causes higher pressure in the veins closer to the ankles. If the pressure rises high enough – particularly with activities requiring you to stand or sit for prolonged periods, from injuries, or pregnancies – the pressure will cause fluid to shift from inside the veins to the skin. This excess surface pressure results in swelling, which is often why people notice their ankles are less swollen when they get out of bed in the morning, but become more swollen as their day progresses.
Pressure will also cause symptoms described as aching, heaviness, throbbing, itching, burning, cramping or restlessness, particularly when trying to sleep. Patients might feel better by walking, stretching, exercising or elevating their legs — especially after a long day of work — because these activities will help to drain the pooled blood in your legs and the pressure. But, once a patient stands or sits, the pressure rises and symptoms return.
Leg Pain and Swelling Treatment
Swelling can come from multiple causes, and you should consult with a doctor to determine the source of your discomfort. If veins are the source of your swelling, a variety of treatments can be utilized, including:
“ My legs really ached and were swollen. I am extremely impressed with the care I received, and most of all, with the results.”